The dark green leaves are dense, ferny, and often strongly scented. Have you ever wondered which varieties of the Marigold are actually ‘French’ Marigolds? Remove dead plant debris promptly from the garden, to reduce overwintering spore populations. A. I later discovered that some of these flowers are considered ‘French’ while others are not. It is a cheerful flower bed plant and can also be an excellent addition to a vegetable garden. Remove dead plant debris promptly from the garden, to reduce overwintering spore populations. [28][29], The dried and ground flower petals constitute a popular spice in the Republic of Georgia in the Caucasus, where they are known as imeruli shaphrani (= 'Imeretian Saffron') from their pungency and golden colour and particular popularity in the Western province of Imereti. Leaves are 4 to 7 centimeters long, deeply pinnatifid with linear-lanceolate segments. French marigolds typically come in warm shades of oranges, yellows, reds. Medicinal use of French Marigold: The whole herb is aromatic, digestive, diuretic and sedative. Additionally, a stressed or unhealthy marigold … ‘Tangerine’, ‘Petite Gold’, ‘Petite Harmony’, ‘Goldie’, and ‘Nemagold’ are said to be particularly effective. It’s native to Egypt and parts of the Mediterranean but is now grown in every continent, usually blooming during the warmer months of the year (from about M… It is blended with sandalwood oil to produce 'attar genda' perfume. Achenes ripen and are shed within two weeks of the start of bloom. Avoid wetting foliage while watering. It is shorter, and has a more spreading habit, than its relative the Mexican marigold (Tagetes erecta). Heads are solitary, 1.5 to 2 centimeters long, 2 to 4 centimeters in diameter, borne on long peduncles which are thickened upward. Dig up and discard seriously infected plants together with the adjacent soil. Contact Us Aphids /White flies also hate the smell of the Marigold. These … [6], The Latin specific epithet patula means “with a spreading habit”.[7]. Resists cold well to -1 °C ; from there it is sensitive to frost and does not develop in the shade. [8] It can grow in both sandy and clay soils provided they have good drainage. Advertise Like French marigold roots, marigold leaves manufacture natural toxins; in other words, marigolds produce their own pesticide. Varieties of American marigold are very susceptible, but French marigolds are either resistant or immune to this fungus. French marigolds should generally be spaced 8-10 inches apart while the larger African varieties should be spaced 10-12 inches apart. Varieties of American marigold are very susceptible, but French marigolds are either resistant or immune to this fungus. Some varieties have a single rows of petals, while others have pom-pom-like, petal-packed double blooms. Marigolds (Tagetes spp.) Leaves are 4 to 7 centimeters long, deeply pinnatifid with linear-lanceolate segments. SUPPORT MSB at no extra cost to you: Externally, it is used to treat sore eyes and rheumatism. It is also a well-nigh essential ingredient in the spice mixture khmeli suneli, which is to Georgian cookery what garam masala is to the cookery of North India - with which Georgia shares elements of the Mughlai cuisine. Marigold is a medicinal flower that’s dried and concentrated in order to make ointments, teas and drops that are used both internally and externally. Allow the soil to dry out between watering. Its root secretions are believed to kill nematodes in the soil and it is said to repel harmful insects, such as white flies on tomatoes. The French Marigold varieties are bushier, they generally are shorter than the American Marigold, and have smaller tighter flowers (unlike the American varieties which tend to have large full flowered heads). Aphids /White flies also hate the smell of the Marigold. Some French marigold cultivars produce higher levels of toxin and are therefore more effective in reducing the number of pest nematodes in soil. French Marigold flowers are a popular and beneficial garden companion that will help your garden plants thrive because of their potent pesticide-producing root system, and strong aroma to ward off pests. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. 1993. Jill Spencer. Flowers are pale to deep yellow, sometimes red. It is therefore more suitable as an edging plant in the open border. Achenes are 6 to 7 millimeters long. French Marigold—October Birthday Flower—Tagetes patula, Soule, J. The French Marigold flower exudes a potent substance (thiophene) in their roots and leaves. French marigolds are an easy to grow annual that will bloom brightly all summer long. Calendula blooms promptly self-seed, are noninvasive and function admirably as cut blossoms in your focal point or as palatable finishing. Pests – Most pests aren’t attracted to marigolds, but spider mites may be a problem, especially in dry, dusty conditions. About RSS feed commonly make the pest-resistant plant lists, but despite their pungent odor and ability to deter some pests, marigolds are eaten by other pests that find them delicious. Calendula officinalis is in the plant family known as Asteraceae or Compositae. Pick off and discard infected leaves. African marigold (T. erecta), French marigold (T. patula), and several other species are grown as garden ornamentals, although most species have strong-scented leaves. [8] A golden yellow dye is used to color animal-based textiles (wool, silk) without a mordant, but a mordant is needed for cotton and synthetic textiles.[8]. French marigold, which is actually native to Latin America, comes in multiple varieties and as many shapes and colors. [10], Hundreds of cultivars have been developed, of which the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-[11], Medicinally, many cultures use infusions from dried leaves or florets. Some authorities regard Tagetes patula as a synonym of Tagetes erecta, the Mexican marigold. The French Marigold flower exudes a potent substance (thiophene) in their roots and leaves. Calendula marigolds are yellow-orange in color and form small florets of petals that are harvested and dried for their numerous medicinal properties. The spice imparts a unique, rather earthy flavour to Georgian cuisine, in which it is considered especially compatible with the flavours of cinnamon and cloves. They work most effectively when planted closely spaced in a solid block. The heads contain mostly hermaphrodite (having both male and female organs) florets and are pollinated primarily by beetles in the wild, as well as by tachinid flies and other insects. What you need is Marigold (calendula), local to Europe, not the French Marigold (tagetes), an American plant in the daisy family, as they are not compatible.