Scale degree names 1,2,3,4,5,6, and 8 below are always the same for all major and minor scales (ie. C harmonic minor scale notes: C D Eb F G Ab B The triad and extended (four voice) chord sequence derived from the harmonic minor scale are as follows Chord progressions using the harmonic minor scale will often be mixed with chords taken from the other minor scales. The difference between the C harmonic minor scale and the C natural minor scale is that the 7th note position of the minor scale is raised by one half-tone / semitone. Click here to learn how to play piano and keyboards (with Piano For All). This step shows the notes when descending the C harmonic minor scale, going from the highest note sound back to the starting note. Major 7th: The 7th note of the scale is B. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The Lesson steps then explain how to identify the C harmonic minor scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names. To count up a Half-tone (semitone), count up from the last note up by one physical piano key, either white or black. a treble clef), there is no possibility of having 2 G-type notes, for example, with one of the notes needing an accidental next to it on the staff (a sharp, flat or natural symbol). © 2020 Copyright Veler Ltd, All Rights Reserved. Perfect 4th: The 4th note of the scale is F. Tonic: The 1st note of the C melodic minor scale is C. Perfect 5th: The 5th note of the scale is G. Major 6th: The 6th note of the scale is A. The roman numeral for number 5 is ' V' and is used to indicate this is the 5th triad chord in the scale. Here’s the Cm scale on the piano keyboard. From Eb, a whole step takes us to F. Another whole step takes us to G. From G, we go up a half step to Ab. So whereas the C natural minor scale has note Bb for the 7th note, this note is raised to arrive at note B for this harmonic minor scale. To play a harmonic minor scale, you simply raise the seventh note of the natural minor scale by a half-step as you go up and down the scale. Perfect 8th: C (one octave higher) is the 8th note of the C natural minor scale. Note 1 is the tonic note - the starting note - C, and note 13 is the same note name but one octave higher. This step shows the white and black note names on a piano keyboard so that the note names are familiar for later steps, and to show that the note names start repeating themselves after 12 notes. On the bass clef, Middle C is shown with an orange ledger line above the main 5 staff lines. Gb). To count up a Whole tone, count up by two physical piano keys, either white or black. Perfect 4th: F is the 4th note of the scale. (W-H-W-W-W-W-H) The descending formula is the natural minor scale formula backwards. All rights reserved. For the key signature of this scale, showing the symbols grouped correctly next to the bass or treble clef symbol at the beginning, have a look at the C harmonic minor key signature. The formula for forming a natural (or pure) minor scale is W-H-W-W-H-W-W. “W” stands for whole step and “H” stands for half step. The harmonic minor scale uses the  W-H-W-W-H-W½-H  note counting rule to identify the scale note positions. To form the C sharp harmonic minor scale, we raise the seventh note by a half step and this results in C♯, D♯, E, F♯, G♯, A, B♯, C♯. Minor 6th: Ab is the 6th note of the scale. Tonic: The 1st note of the C harmonic minor scale is C. Its notes are D – F – Ab. It also shows the scale degree names for all 8 notes. Here’s a diagram of the melodic C minor scale on piano. This step tries to assign note names to the piano keys identified in the previous step, so that they can be written on a note staff in the Solution section. The audio files below play every note shown on the piano above, so middle C (marked with an orange line at the bottom) is the 2nd note heard. The notes of the Eb major scale are  E♭, F, G, A♭, B♭, C, and D. As we’ve seen, the C natural minor uses these same notes, except that the sixth note of the major scale becomes the root note of its relative minor. Middle C (midi note 60) is shown with an orange line under the 2nd note on the piano diagram. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. These note names are shown below on the treble clef followed by the bass clef. The 8th note - the octave note, will have the same name as the first note, the tonic note. Then list the 7 notes in the scale so far, shown in the next column. Tonic: C is the 1st note of the C natural minor scale. The 7 unique notes in a scale need to be named such that each letter from A to G is used once only, so each note name is either a natural white name(A.. G) , a sharp(eg. Its notes are Eb – G – Bb. The 1st note of the C-sharp harmonic minor scale is C#: 2: C#-maj-2nd: The 2nd note of the C-sharp harmonic minor scale is D#: 3: C#-min-3rd: The 3rd note of the C-sharp harmonic minor scale is E: 4: C#-perf-4th: The 4th note of the C-sharp harmonic minor scale is F#: 5: C#-perf-5th: The 5th note of the C-sharp harmonic minor scale is G#: 6: C#-min-6th This step shows the descending C harmonic minor scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. But since this is a scale in the key of C, it is certain that notes 1 and 13 will be used in the scale. Let’s now take a look at the C harmonic minor scale. Fingerings (Left Hand): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, Fingerings (Right Hand): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Building Piano Scales – All Types of Scales, Major and Minor Piano Music Scales in All Keys. Its notes are Ab – C – Eb. column. Its notes are F – Ab – C. Chord v: G minor. Since the natural minor key is itself on the Circle of 5ths - C minor on circle of 5ths, this means that this is a commonly used harmonic minor scale key. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. In this case, the 7th note is called the subtonic. Every white or black key could have a flat(b) or sharp(#) accidental name, depending on how that note is used. Its notes are Bb – D – F. Tonic: The 1st note of the C harmonic minor scale is C. Major 2nd: The 2nd note of the scale is D. Minor 3rd: The 3rd note of the scale is Eb. This is the first note of the scale, and assuming you’re using it in the way it is intended, the note which would feel ‘final’. To learn more about this scale and others, check out my course, Learn Scales & Music Theory & Give Yourself An Upper Hand. Highly Recommended: Click here for the BEST piano/keyboard course I’ve come across online. Let’s start with the C natural minor scale. The 7th note position (or scale degree) of the minor scale is raised by one half-tone / semitone to arrive at the harmonic minor scale note positions shown above, leaving a noticeably large interval of 3 half-tones / semitones between the 6th and 7th note positions for this scale. Chord i: C minor. So assuming octave note 8 has been played in the step above, the notes now descend back to the tonic. Harmonic Minor Scale Intervals. Find one below. From Ab, we take a whole step to Bb. The Solution below shows the C harmonic minor scale notes, intervals and scale degrees on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. For a quick summary to this topic, have a look at Harmonic minor scale. Here’s a diagram of the harmonic C minor scale on piano.