Castanea pumila, commonly known as the Allegheny chinquapin, American chinquapin (from the Powhatan) or dwarf chestnut, is a species of chestnut native to the southeastern United States. Allegheny Chinquapin is a colonial, multi-stemmed shrub or small tree usually around 15 feet tall, taller if grown with single stem or cultivated with little competition. John Smith of Jamestown made the first record of the tree and its nuts in 1612, observing its use by the Native Americans. It is native to dry woods and ridges in the Southeastern states, and grows well where summers are hot. Seeds must be sent back to researcher when possible (though eventually growers should be able to keep plenty for personal use). Chestnut is also adjective with the meaning: of a deep reddish-brown colour, like that of a chestnut. Castanea pumila, commonly known as the Allegheny chinquapin, American chinquapin (from the Powhatan) or dwarf chestnut, is a species of chestnut native to the southeastern United States. The flowers are monoecious and appear in early summer. According to a 1999 study by American Society for Horticultural Science, the Ozark chinkapin, which is typically considered either a distinct species (C. ozarkensis) or a subspecies of the Allegheny chinkapin (C. pumila subsp. The two accepted species of American chestnuts are Castanea dentata (American chestnut – eastern states) and Castanea pumila (American or Allegheny chinkapin, also known as "dwarf chestnut" – southern and eastern states). This project seeks volunteers both for growing trees over many years and for collecting seeds and/or cuttings from wild or cultivated trees. Beyond the impact of the blight, a few traits have conspired to keep chinquapin chestnuts from being improved as crop plants: 1) the relatively small size of the seeds, 2) the propensity of seeds to germinate in the Fall, sometimes before they even fall from the plant, 3) the uneven ripening of seeds, 4) the deep love of squirrels for chinquapins, and 5) the challenges of processing large amounts of chinquapin seeds. Breeding timber chestnut trees is still an ongoing process and though most seedlings will, not all will be blight resistant or have timber form. Nate Kleinman is one of the co-founders of the Experimental Farm Network. The seller observed, 'They are more delicate than the chestnut and of rare flavor, but too small for the candy and cake maker to bother with or to be used for the table. As nouns the difference between chinquapinand chestnut is that chinquapinis any of the shrubs in the genus (taxlink) while chestnutis a tree or shrub of the genus castanea. They rely on donations and volunteers to continue their work. Chinquapin (Castanea pumila) is a species of tree native to midwest and southeastern states, particularly North and South Carolina and also Georgia.You may also know it by the names, dwarf chestnut, allegheny chinquapin or simply American chinquapin. But the chinquapin fell into relative obscurity following the devastating fungal plight that nearly sent the American chestnut ( Castanea dentata ) to extinction, and the increased availability of imported chestnuts from Europe, Japan, Korea, and China. Chinquapin chestnuts (Castanea pumila) were once a treasured food crop in the Eastern part of the United States (roughly from Florida to Pennsylvania, west to Texas). The leaves of the Allegheny chinquapin are smaller than the American chestnut and have less distinct teeth. The weakened blight should also be helpful in protecting the Allegheny Chinkapin (Castenea pumila) from Chestnut Blight. Some may be asked to grow plants from seed, or be provided with living plants. The difference between Chestnut and Chinquapin When used as nouns , chestnut means a tree or shrub of the genus castanea, whereas chinquapin means any of the trees in the genus castanopsis. Chinquapins are quite vulnerable nevertheless, and there are many reports of heavily diseased and cankered trees. They are open pollinated and seedlings may contain genes from American… Each leaf is 7.5–15 cm (3–5 7⁄8 in) long by 3–5 cm (1 1⁄4–2 in) wide with parallel side veins ending in short pointed teeth. The Allegheny chinquapin is closely related to the American chestnut, Castanea dentata, and both trees can be found in the same habitat. Are you seeking volunteer growers or other types of volunteers? As a adjective chestnut is of a deep reddish-brown colour, like that of a chestnut. ozarkensis) may be ancestral to both the American chestnut and the Allegheny chinkapin. The Experimental Farm Network Cooperative is a 501c(3) non-profit organization based in Philadelphia, PA. Chinquapin Chestnut as a Productive Food Crop. The nuts are consumed by squirrels and rabbits while white tail deer graze upon the foliage. Yet the chinquapin is much less impacted by the chestnut blight -- it does prevent the tree from reaching heights it previously reached, but it does not prevent the plant from producing copious amounts of nuts under the proper growing conditions. Chestnut is also adjective with the meaning: of a deep reddish-brown colour, like that of a chestnut. From Slow Food USA's Ark of Taste: "On November 26, 1898, the Trenton Evening Times wrote an article about the stir a rare appearance of chinquapins in a northern market occasioned. The plant's habitat is dry sandy and rocky uplands and ridges mixed with oak and hickory to 1000 m elevation. It is found from Pennsylvania to Florida, and … Must live in regions where chinquapin chestnuts will survive (Florida to at least Massachusetts, possibly Maine, west to Texas and Minnesota, and likely the Pacific Northwest). He serves or has served on the board of the Jewish Social Policy Action Network, the Project for Nuclear Awareness, the Cumberland County (NJ) Long Term Recovery Group, GMO Free Pennsylvania, and the Roughwood Seed Collection. Allegheny chinquapin can be distinguished by its smaller nut (half the size of a chestnut) that is not flattened (chestnuts are flattened on one side). Reducing Fall germination may also be possible (though sprouted nuts and grains have found a significant market in recent years), and finding ways to process seeds and protect them from pests must be possible. While the fungus does kill the tallest limbs/trunks of chinquapin plants by the time they reach 30 feet in heigh (they once grew to over 60 feet), the roots are apparently undamaged and continue to send up new branches. The fruit is a golden-colored cupule 2–3 cm (3⁄4–1 1⁄4 in) in diameter with many sharp spines, maturing in autumn. As its other name suggests, chinquapin is a species of chestnut, bearing small nuts that are rounder in shape. It grows best on well-drained soils in full sun or partial shade. The native range is from Maryland and extreme southern New Jersey and southeast Pennsylvania south to central Florida, west to eastern Texas, and north to southern Missouri and Kentucky. When the base of plant is cut or wounded at ground level the plant will grow multiple stalks producing a thick cover used by turkeys.